Post of the Week: PPN plus ZI DBS for Gait Issues in Parkinson's Disease
Posted 06 March 2011 - 08:48 AM
This small study examined using PPN DBS along with ZI DBS (two brain targets together) for people with "on" medication gait and balance problems. Although the study was small it is interesting that the two targets together seemed to perform better. We will continue to watch the developments in the field of surgery for gait and balance issues.
Br J Neurosurg. 2011 Feb 23. [Epub ahead of print]
Outcomes from stimulation of the caudal zona incerta and pedunculopontine nucleus in patients with Parkinson's disease.
Khan S, Mooney L, Plaha P, Javed S, White P, Whone AL, Gill SS.
Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurosciences, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, UK.
Introduction. Axial symptoms including postural instability, falls and failure of gait initiation are some of the most disabling motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). We performed bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) in combination with the caudal zona incerta (cZi) in order to determine their efficacy in alleviating these symptoms. Methods. Seven patients with predominant axial symptoms in both the 'on' and 'off' medication states underwent bilateral cZi and PPN DBS. Motor outcomes were assessed using the motor component of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS 3) and a composite axial subscore was derived from items 27, 28, 29 and 30 (arising from chair, posture, gait and postural stability). Quality of life was measured using the PDQ39. Comparisons were made between scores obtained at baseline and those at a mean follow-up of 12 months. Results. In both the off and on medication states, a statistically significant improvement in the UPDRS part 3 score was achieved by stimulation of the PPN, cZi and both in combination. In the off medication state, our composite axial subscore of the UPDRS part 3 improved with stimulation of the PPN, cZi and both in combination. The composite axial subscore, in the 'on' medication state, however, only showed a statistically significant improvement when a combination of cZi and PPN stimulation was used. Conclusions. This study provides evidence that a combination of PPN and cZi stimulation can achieve a significant improvement in the hitherto untreatable 'on' medication axial symptoms of PD.
PMID: 21344974 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Michael S. Okun, M.D.
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UF Center for Movement Disorders & Neurorestoration
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